1-Existing research in political science suggests a strong positive relationship between economic development and democracy in a country. However, the case of China appears to contradict this general pattern. What explains the persistence of a Communist party dictatorship in China despite the rise of its economic prosperity since the 1980s? Explain.
2-According to the Duvergers law, single-member plurality electoral systems lead to two-party systems. To what extent does the Duvergers law apply to the case of India? Beside the nature of the electoral system, what other factors influence the number of political parties in India? What explains their effect?