INSTRUCTIONS AND CHECKLISTEthical ArgumentAssignment DUE : 2/17/2020In Module/Week 5, you must write a 1,000–1,200-word ethical argument essay from the thesis/outline that you submitted in Module/Week 4. Please note the word count does not include citations.Ethical Essay PromptWrite an ethical argument in which you address the question: “How far should scientists go to modify humans through genetic engineering?”Proofreading ChecklistUse the Essay 2 Grading Rubric in Blackboard and the proofreading checklist to draft and revise your essay. Read through your paper and check the appropriate boxes on the chart below. If any area of your paper needs revision, make sure you correct it before submitting your essay.Reading & Study Application Successful Needs Revision1. Introduction: Establishes the ethical principle and states the essay’s thesis argument2. Background: Gives an overview of the situation and provides necessary information about the ethical principle3. Ethical analysis: Explains the ethical principle and analyzes the particular situation on the basis of this principle4. Evidence in support of the thesis: Presents support for the proposed solution; integrates a total of at least 6 quotes, summaries, and/or paraphrases from at least 3 credible sources6. Refutation of opposing arguments: Addresses objections and refutes them in a clear and respectful way7. Conclusion: Restates the ethical principle as well as the thesis (not in the exact words); includes a strong concluding statement8. Contains pathos (emotional) appeals, (values/belief) appeals, and/or logos (factual) appeals- as appropriate9. Title reflects issue and proposal information10. Uses only third person pronouns (all first and second person pronouns have been removed)11. When using current APA format, make sure it contains properly formatted, title, abstract, and references page12. Double spaced; 12-point Times New Roman font13. Uses signal phrases and appropriate transitions14. References/Works Cited/ Bibliography page includes all sources cited within the body of the essay15. Checked spelling, grammar/mechanicsSubmitting the AssignmentWhen you are satisfied with the quality of your essay, post it to Blackboard via the SafeAssign link for grading. Do not forget to write your degree program and APA on the title page and in the “Submission Title” field when submitting your paper.IMPORTANT: Fully cite all quotations, summaries, and paraphrases used within your essay, or those excerpts will be regarded as plagiarism and will result in a “0” on your essay and possible course failure.THIS IS THE THESIS OUTLINE FOR THE ESSAY: TOPIC: GENETICALLY ENGINEERING HUMANSOutlineGenes play a significant role in our bodies, such as influencing health and disease, and with the advancement in technology, engineers are starting to use genetic technology to understand the contribution of the genome to these features. However, they have also discovered a couple of other applications such as genetically engineering embryos, to have certain traits, which has awakened an enormous debate (Bao et al., 2016). This article analyzes how far scientists should go to modify humans through genetic engineering.One thing that genetic engineering promises is the alleviation of illnesses in young and unborn children. Scientists can detect numerous issues even before a child is born. For instance, doctors can tell whether a child can suffer from sickle cell anemia or nor while in the womb.People will also be able to live longer. Modern technology has already around people to live longer, and genetic engineering could make our time on earth even longer. Common sickness that people hold while in old age could be prevented earlier also before they commence.However, one of the cons of suggested to gene editing is that it is unnatural or playing God. Generally, people are born while others die, and this maintains the balance of nature (Pearson, 2018). Editing will interfere with this balance, which can have a negative impact ultimately.Genetic engineering also limits gene diversity. This means that we will have a detrimental effect on genetic diversity, similar to cloning.The genetic defect has also been noted as a repercussion of gene editing. The effect of editing a child’s gene cannot be known until the child is born. Moreover, the impact of gene editing to the future generation is also not perceived (Segers et al., 2017).Genetic engineering has a lot of potentials, and when used for the right purpose, the benefits can surpass the drawbacks. This will, however, require ethical consideration to be effected on how gene editing should be done.ReferencesBao, S., Lv, Z., Li, Y., Ma, J., Zhang, Y., Li, S., … & Yang, F. (2016). Genetic Engineering: Pros versus Cons in Deciphering Disease Mechanism-ft. Science, 2016.Segers, S., Mertes, H., de Wert, G., Dondorp, W., & Pennings, G. (2017). Balancing the ethical pros and cons of stem cell-derived gametes. Annals of biomedical engineering, 45(7), 1620-1632.Pearson, C. (2018). Professor Tina English 102/TR 9: 30 April 9, 2018, Genetic Engineering, Designer Babies. Genetic Engineering.