Respond to the following short essay questions based on the course materials presented for weeks 1-4 and researched material from outside the course. State each topic (including subtopics a, b, c, for topic 1), space then and follow with your responses to that topic.1. Describe the challenges faced by US Customs and Border Protection agents attempting to secure the border. Be sure to include:A. What is the functional equivalent of the border? Give an example.B. What is the Fourth amendment exception as it pertains to border searches?C. How are seizure statistics used to justify the mission of border security? Should they be.2. What are the challenges of facilitating legal border crossings while maintaining secure borders?3. What are the challenges of facilitating legal border crossings while maintaining secure borders?4. What has been the economic impact of terrorism on U.S. and Global Markets since 9/11 look at this from 9/11 to the present?5. What has been the impact of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) agreements on cross border trade in North America?RESOURCES:Border Security: The Role of the U. S. Border Patrol https://fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/RL31826.pdfProtecting the U.S. Perimeter: Border Searches Under the Fourth Amendment https://fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/RL32562.pdfOpen Trade, Closed Borders Immigration in the Era of Globalization http://ezproxy.apus.edu/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/1640664242/CBP Search Authority https://www.cbp.gov/travel/cbp-search-authorityDHS and DOD Announce Continued Partnership in Strengthening Southwest Border Security http://www.dhs.gov/news/2011/12/20/dhs-and-dod-announce-continued-partnership-strengthening-southwest-border-securityInformation sharing: DHS has demonstrated leadership and progress, but additional actions could help sustain and strengthen efforts http://www.gao.gov/assets/650/648475.pdfSecuring Americas borders: The role of the military https://fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/R41286.pdfIntelligence information: Need to know vs. need to share https://fas.org/sgp/crs/intel/R41848.pdf’Brexit’ points to the advantages of open borders versus closed http://ezproxy.apus.edu/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/1824191066/The realities facing the ‘trump wall’ http://ezproxy.apus.edu/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/1880327134/I Spent A Day with Border Patrol Agents at The US-Mexico Border https://www.youtube.com/embed/VESceb8k0ZY?wmode=opaque&rel=0North American Free Trade AgreementRethinking the role of the U.S. Mexican border in the post-9/11 worldDemocracy and accession to GATT/WTOProtecting the nation from foreign terrorist entry into the United StatesNAFTA trade (and some extra NAFTA trade) in value added and its distribution, 1995-2011U.S. trade policy relaunchMemorandum for the secretary of state, the attorney general, the secretary of homeland securityRegarding the omnibus report on significant trade deficitsPresidential executive order on establishing enhanced collection and enforcement of antidumping and countervailing duties and violations of trade and customs lawsThe future of counterterrorism strategyThe Geography of Border Militarization: Violence, Death and Health in Mexico and the United StatesMembership has its privileges: The impact of GATT on international tradeThe Strategic National Risk Assessment in Support of PPD 8: A Comprehensive Risk-Based Approach toward a Secure and Resilient NationAddressing trade agreement violations and abusesAssessing Homeland Security Risks: A Comparative Assessment of Ten HazardsTransnational organized crime: The globalized illegal economyStrategy to combat transnational organized crime: Addressing converging threats to national securityExploitation in migration: Unacceptable but inevitableTransnational organized crime: An insidious threat to U.S. national security interestsCross-border mobility and clandestine practices: Scenarios of violence in the Mexico-United States borderPresidential executive order on enforcing federal law with respect to transnational criminal organizations and preventing international traffickingTerrorism and organized crimeOn the examination of reasons why border dwellers tend to goods smuggling and its impacts on the non-accomplishment of economic development http://www.worldscientificnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/WSN-52-2016-93-105.pdfEconomists find high cost and low benefit to border wall for U.S. workersAn Analysis of Migrant Smuggling Costs along the Southwest Border https://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/statistics/publications/ois-smuggling-wp.pdfEconomic Study Shows Impact Of Existing Wall At The U.S.-Mexico BorderTECHNICAL GUIDANCE:Your answers should be at a minimum of 2 pages each topic question for total of 10 pages (the Title Page and Reference page will be additional pages).Type in Times New Roman, 12 point and double space.Students will follow the APA Style as the sole citation and reference style used in written work submitted as part of coursework.Use scholarly or other relevant sources.Points will be deducted for the use of Wikipedia or encyclopedic type sources. It is highly advised to utilize: books, peer reviewed journals, articles, archived documents, etc.Based on the assigned readings, your responses are to be in your own words with minimal quotes.