Just-in-Time (JIT) Inventories
Choose companies or industries for which JIT would be totally inappropriate? Explain your reasoning with examples in 200-250 words.Guided Response: Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts. Include pros and cons, alternate opinions, ideas, solutions, and/or additional applications.——————————————————————-1. Sandra.Organizations are continually striving for process improvement to meet changing customer demands, reduced delivery times, manufacturing flexibility while maintaining high profitability. Just-in-Time (JIT) is a management technique that eliminates waste and reduces costs, improves quality, increases productivity and efficiency through continuous improvements (Tyagi & Tewari, 2019). JIT practices enhance operational performance.Kanban is a scheduling system often used in conjunction with JIT to avoid overcapacity of work in process. The Kanban system, with the use of p-cards and c-cards, is meant to be used for repetitive production (Vonderembse & White, 2013). A repetitive production process provides the JIT process of pulling inventory rather than scheduling inventory. If there is no repetitive process, the organization cannot know what to pull, making it difficult for the use of JIT. Organizations and industries that manufacture highly specialized products would likely not benefit from JIT.Where JIT Might be InappropriateNon-repetitive companies would be less likely to succeed with JIT as suggested above, due to the difficulty in pulling, rather than scheduling inventory. Additionally, manufacturers that produce highly specialized products would likely not benefit from JIT. Small businesses may also find that JIT does not work for their needs. Part of what makes JIT work is that a company has purchasing power and strong economies of scale. Small companies lack product volume reducing purchasing power (Tyagi & Tewari, 2019). Businesses with large product portfolios also have a hard time making JIT work. Although they have high volume, their volume crosses multiple requirements for many parts and materials, reducing purchasing power.ReferencesTyagi, M., & Tewari, P. C. (2019). Ranking of Performance Indicators in JIT-Based Manufacturing Systems Using TOPSIS. IUP Journal of Operations Management, 18(4), 37–53. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com.proxy-library.ashford.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bsh&AN=140410535&site=eds-live&scope=site (Links to an external site.)Vonderembse, M. A., & White, G. P. (2013). Operations management [Electronic version]. https://content.ashford.edu/——————————————————————-2. Rebekah.Just-in-Time ApplicationCost-saving and efficiency are shared goals across many industries. One method to reach these goals is the use of Just-in-Time (JIT) inventory, which has its roots in the work of Henry Ford based on the evolution in industry of using assembly -lines (Vonderembse, & White, 2013). The process of JIT is used to reduce the cost of waste by having items move through the process when pulled from one station to the next. For instance, if one was working to assemble an airplane, the frame may be produced more quickly than the next step of attaching the wings. If the company was to produce more frames it would incur a cost for storage as the frames are not able to be processed in the same time frame, thus waste in the system. JIT would be used as the frames are only produced when the wings shop has no items in the cue. Services can also use JIT, such as a nail salon which can assess the inventory of paints as well as the movement of the customers from one station of service to the next. JIT efficiency looks at both the use of the inventory flow through the process. JIT is best suited for repetitive businesses in which the same task can be assessed to find methods to improve.Where JIT Might be InappropriateWhile JIT can be advantageous for repetitive process businesses, it would not be applicable for a custom business that has high variation. Bortolotti, Danese, and Romano (2013) indicated that the application of JIT across some services that have a low volume production can increase costs instead of improving processes. If the material inventory changes often the added cost can be due to small order size. If the production is more often customized, it does not make sense to be used. For example, if one is running a seamstress shop that creates made-to-order dresses, the materials would vary greatly based on customer presence. In contrast, a large manufacturer of clothes could use JIT for inventory as a large amount of a specific cloth would be used for large scale production. In a business that customization is part of the quality and uniqueness of service, JIT inventory would not be appropriate to use.ReferenceBortolotti, T., Danese, P., & Romano, P. (2013). Assessing the impact of just-in-time on operational performance at varying degrees of repetitiveness. International Journal of Production Research, 51(4), 1117–1130. https://doi-org.proxy-library.ashford.edu/10.1080/00207543.2012.678403Vonderembse, M. A., & White, G. P. (2013). Operations management. Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu———————————————-Required ResourcesTextVonderembse, M. A., & White, G. P. (2013). Operations management [Electronic version]. Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu/• Chapter 11: Just-In-Time and Lean Systems• Chapter 12: SchedulingRecommended ResourcesMultimediaEducatevirtually. (2009, June 18). Pull system and kanban demonstrated (Links to an external site.). [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w3Ud7pEhpQMJuly, E. (Producer) & Rodrigo, J. M. (Director). (2003). Business is blooming: The international floral industry (Links to an external site.) [Video file]. Retrieved from the Films On Demand database.• Watch the following segments:o Delivering Flowers for Valentine’s Dayhttps://fod.infobase.com/p_ViewVideo.aspx?xtid=34961—————————————————Could you please respond to 2 classmates’s discussions. 1. Sandra and 2. Rebekah.You may start : “ Hi Sandra, I agree with you because ….”. ( for example).Related order # 465075
Choose companies or industries for which JIT would be totally inappropriate?
Just-in-Time (JIT) Inventories